E. The Teaching Authority Given to the Levitical Priesthood.

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Lev 10:8, “And YHWH spoke to Aaron saying,”
Lev 10:9, “you shall not drink wine or strong drink, you nor your sons with you when you go into [the] tent of meeting so that you shall not die; [it shall be] an everlasting statute for your generations”
Lev 10:10, “so that you may distinguish between the holy and between the common, and between the the unclean and between the clean,”
Lev 10:11, “so that you [= the Aaronic priesthood] may teach [the] children of Israel all the statutes which YHWH has spoken to them by [the] hand of Moses.”

Deut 24:8, “Take heed in an outbreak of leprosy, that you carefully observe and do according to all that the priests, the Levites, shall teach you as I commanded them, so you shall be careful to do.”
Jer 18:18, “... for the law shall not perish from the priest, or advice from the wise, or a word from a prophet.”
Mal 2:7, “For [the] lips of a priest should keep knowledge, and [people] should seek [the] law from his mouth, for he [is the] messenger of YHWH of hosts.”

Note that from the wording of Deut 24:8, it is accepted that when the populace is taught the law by a priest, they are expected to do what the law says, and this gives authority to the priest.

Despite the above wording that shows the general summarized impression that the priesthood was expected to teach the people the law of Moses, this function was not exclusive to the priesthood alone, as can be seen from the Torah next.

Deut 31:9, “And Moses wrote this law and he gave [it] to the priests, [the] sons of Levi who bore [the] ark of [the] covenant of YHWH, and to all [the] elders of Israel.”
Deut 31:10, “And Moses commanded them [= priests, Levites, and elders] saying, at [the] end of [every] seven years, at [the] appointed-time of the year of release at the feast of tabernacles”
Deut 31:11, “when all Israel comes to appear before YHWH your Almighty in [the] place that He shall choose, you shall read this law in the presence of all Israel in their ears.”

Thus the reading of the law every seventh year could be from the mouth of the priests, the Levites, and the elders, although the primary teachers of the law were shown above to be the priests.

Lev 21:10 begins with the Hebrew v-ha-cohan ha-gadol, which literally means “and the priest the great”, which is commonly translated “the high priest”. The Hebrew word gadol means “great” and it shows greatness in authority. The authority of the high priest is seen in Lev 21:10, “And the high priest among his brothers on whose head the anointing oil was poured, and [hence] whose hand was filled to put on the garments, shall not uncover his head nor tear his garments”.